Companies are taking longer to go public after getting regulatory approval, since the Russia-Ukraine border became militarily active, impacting the global financial world, a report by Business Standard stated. Initial share sales happened in as few as 40 days when the markets were booming before the Ukraine crisis but this average duration has now increased to 96 days amid market volatility, the report said quoting data from primedatabase.com.
The analysis looked at all the IPOs in order of the day their issues opened for subscription from November 2021, noted BS. This was when Russia’s military build-up over Ukraine had begun to raise global tensions, it informed.
"The Securities and Exchange Board of India’s approval date is counted as Day Zero. The analysis took a rolling average of 10 IPOs at a time to understand the broader trend. There was a 40-day gap after regulatory approval on a rolling average basis as of November 1. This continued to fall until it reached 22 days as of mid-November. The trend has largely been upwards since then. It touched a high of 96 days as of August-end," BS explained.
The stock market regulator usually attempts to respond to IPO documents in 30 days, however, this is subject to certain conditions, the market daily pointed out.
The report further stated that the analysis also looked at the gap between the filing of documents and the final approval. A similar rolling average was considered. It showed there was an increase in the time taken to process an offer document but that was not as significant as the jump in companies waiting after approval, it noted.
The regulator took 88 days (as of end-August) to give approval or 29 percent longer than in 68 days seen before the escalation of tensions in Ukraine, informed BS.
IPOs have been on the decline in recent times. They were zero in June and July; August saw two offerings. Companies have come out with 12 IPOs worth ₹33,893.59 crore as of end-August, a YoY decline of more than 25 percent. There were 20 IPOs worth ₹45,293.52 crore as of August 2021.