The year 2022 was not a favourable start for the majority of industries due to high commodity prices, low demand, high inflation, and high-interest rates, and all of this had impacted the companies' gross margins in the March quarter. The tyre industry is one such industry that is heavily reliant on crude oil; oil prices have doubled since the Russian-Ukraine war, and with rising RM costs, tyre companies have raised prices multiple times in 2022. And, with no sign of a drop in oil prices, the industry will suffer in the next quarters.
Kotak Securities downgrades 3 Major tyre stocks, citing high crude prices
Kotak Institutional Equities reduced its target price for some major tyre stocks and stated that now is not the time to bottom-fish. The brokerage firm expects tyre companies' profitability to remain under pressure in FY23 due to a surge in crude oil prices. Adding to this, it said the competitive intensity has increased with the market leader adopting an aggressive pricing strategy in select segments, which has made it difficult to recover the raw material price inflation.
Kotak cut its target on Apollo Tyres, MRF, and CEAT mainly on account of lower EBITDA (earnings before interest, tax, depreciation, and amortisation) margin assumptions and higher finance cost assumptions as interest rates head north.
Overall, it believes that the gross margins of domestic tire companies will continue to remain under pressure given the multiple headwinds.
The brokerage firm downgraded Apollo Tyres to "reduce" from "add", with a revised target of ₹175, down from ₹225. This equates to a potential 6% drop from the current level.
It also downgraded Ceat to "sell" from "reduce", with a revised target of ₹850, a potential downside of 10 per cent.
It has maintained a "sell" rating on MRF with a revised target of ₹55,000, translating into a potential downside of more than 20 per cent.
High crude oil prices
Crude oil derivatives such as carbon black, synthetic rubber and nylon tyre cord fabric together make up nearly half the cost of producing a tyre. Over the past 2 quarters, Brent crude prices have almost doubled, which has had a chain effect on these prices.
Kotak expects global natural rubber (NR) inventory to decline soon, resulting in higher prices. NR accounts for around 38% of the cost of raw materials for domestic tyre companies.
A 10% increase in NR prices would require a 2% price hike by the tyre companies. The firm has projected post-tax return ratios for CEAT, MRF and Apollo to remain below 10% in FY24.
RM cost Pressure
Due to high input cost pressure, the profits of all major tyre companies fell by 60-80% in the March quarter.
MRF: MRF Ltd reported a 50.26 per cent drop in consolidated net profit at ₹165.23 crore in Q4 FY22 despite a 10% increase in net sales to ₹5,370.8 crore in Q4 FY21.
On a full-year basis, the tyre maker reported a 45% decline in consolidated net profit to ₹681.67 crore in the financial year ended 2022 over the financial year ended 2021. Net sales rose 19.5% to Rs. 19,316 crore in FY22 over FY21.
Total expenses during the period under review were higher at ₹5,142.79 crore compared to ₹4,425.21 crore in the year-ago quarter.
On a consolidated basis, the tyre maker's net profit fell 47% to ₹168.53 crore.
Ceat: For the fourth quarter ended March 2022, Ceat reported an 84 per cent drop in consolidated net profit to ₹25 crore.
The company had posted a net profit of ₹153 crore in the January-March quarter of 2020-21.
For the year ended March 2022, the company reported a consolidated net profit of ₹71 crore, compared to ₹432 crore in 2020–21.
|Consolidated Financials ( ₹in Cr)||MRF||Ceat||JK Tyre||Good Year||Apollo Tyres|
|Operating Profit Margin(%)||10.18%||15.91%||7.23%||11.39%||6.88%||18.07%||5.60%||11.85%||11.23%||16.21%|
|Profit Before Tax||228||449||18.7||134.2||44.4||280.6||23.3||58.4||160.2||423.4|
|Profit After Tax||165.2||332.1||25.2||152.8||40.2||189.1||17.4||43.2||113.5||287.3|
JK Tyre: JK Tyre & Industries reported an 80 per cent decline in consolidated net profit at ₹40.2 crore for the fourth quarter ended March 31, 2022.
Revenue from operations in the quarter stood at ₹3,319.6 crore as against ₹2,944.6 crore in the year-ago period.
Total expenses were higher at ₹3,280.78 crore as compared to ₹2,673.58 crore in the corresponding period a year ago, with the cost of materials consumed rising to ₹2,219.63 crore from ₹1,839.4 crore in the same quarter the previous year.
For the fiscal year ended March 31, 2022, consolidated net profit was at ₹201.24 crore as compared to ₹330.93 crore, down 39.2 per cent.
Apollo Tyres: Apollo Tyres reported a 61 per cent drop in consolidated net profit to ₹113 crore for the fourth quarter ended March. The company reported a consolidated net profit of ₹287 crore in the January-March quarter of 2020–21 fiscal.
Revenue from operations increased by 11% to ₹5,615 crore, compared to ₹5,087 crore in the fourth quarter of FY21.
For the year ended March 31, 2022, the tyre major reported an increase in net profit by 82 per cent to ₹639 crore, as compared to ₹350 crore in 2020-21.
Good Year: For the fourth quarter, the company reported revenue of ₹602 crore, a 5% increase year on year and it reported a profit after tax (PAT) of ₹17 crore, a 60% decrease from ₹43 crore in the same period last year.
In FY2022, the company’s revenue came in at ₹2,459 crore, an increase of 36 per cent YoY, while PAT was ₹103 crore (-24%) compared to ₹136 crore for the same period last year.
New 52-week Lows
The majority of tyre companies' stocks are trading near 52-week lows. Apollo Tyres is down 27%, Ceat is down 36%, JK Tyre is down 40%, and MRF is down 22% from their 52-week highs and has given negative returns to investors since the start of the year as well.
|Scrip Name||LTP (16 June Closing)||52 week Low||Previous 52 week low date||% Distance from 52 week Low|
|MRF Ltd.||67,324.85||63,000.00||22 Feb 22||6.86%|
|Jk Tyre &Industries||100.50||98.00||07 Mar 22||2.55%|
|Apollo Tyres||176.95||165.25||07 Mar 22||7.08%|
|Ceat||925.00||919.00||30 Mar 22||0.65%|
Disclaimer: The views and recommendations made above are those of individual analysts or broking companies, and not of MintGenie.