scorecardresearchExplainer: Difference between stock market and commodity market

Explainer: Difference between stock market and commodity market

Updated: 28 Apr 2022, 03:57 PM IST

Commodities include agricultural items, metals, and oil, whereas stocks refer to units of corporate ownership. It is vital to know the difference between the two before you start to invest. We share details on this here

Difference between stock market and commodity market

Difference between stock market and commodity market

Making the correct investment in the appropriate financial market may lead to extremely gratifying results for the investor with a sharp eye. Especially in this day and age, when the internet has made trading in almost any market easier and more accessible than ever before. However, selecting which sort of financial market to engage in is the key to success.

Commodities represent things such as agricultural products, metals, and oil, whereas stocks indicate corporate ownership. Both of these asset types have a lot of profit potential. They are, nevertheless, traded on several exchanges. Before investing in either, it is critical to understand the differences between the stock and commodities markets. Let us start by understanding the two types of markets.

Stock Market

A stock is a form of instrument that indicates an individual's ownership position in a publicly traded firm. The amount of shares a person owns in a corporation represents his stock in the company, which he may then sell or purchase from other stock owners.

The stock market refers to the collection of markets where stock sales and purchases take place. By creating a trading and demat account with a brokerage company, a person can invest in the stock market. After that, the brokerage company may connect you with the appropriate stock exchanges and execute trades on your behalf.

Commodity Market

Commodities are a category of resources that are necessary in our daily lives and may be traded with other commodities of the same type. Hard commodities, such as gold or oil, and soft commodities, such as agricultural products and cattle, are the two categories. 

A commodity market is a real or virtual marketplace where commodities may be purchased and sold from one dealer to the next. Commodities can be traded and invested in a variety of ways. Direct commodity investment as well as the purchase of commodity future contracts as an investment are examples of these.

We explain here what's the difference between Stock Market and Commodity Market?

Stock market vs. Commodity market

These two types of markets can be differentiated on the following parameters.


An investor gets a part of a company's ownership by purchasing stocks on the stock market. The most common stock market trading technique is to hold a stock that you already own and wait for the market to shift in your favour.

However, in the case of commodities markets, the most frequent method of trading is through futures contracts. There is no ownership transfer between persons when it comes to futures contracts. These contracts, on the other hand, are for future delivery of commodities that are traded but rarely held.


Commodities and commodity markets are the most volatile of all asset groups and financial markets. When comparing the stock market with the commodities market, the latter is almost always more volatile.

This is due to the commodities market's reduced liquidity and the fact that it is influenced by constantly changing external variables such as supply-demand and geopolitics.

Time Period

Stock market investors can keep their stocks for a short length of time, as little as a trading day. Stocks, on the other hand, may be kept for years or decades, making them an excellent long-term investment. Commodity trade, on the other hand, has a completely different time period.

The commodities market generally trades on short-term contracts. They also have a time restriction or expiration, which means they must be exchanged within a certain time frame, unlike stocks. As a result, the commodities market is an excellent place to invest for the short term.

Effect of Inflation

Inflation is defined as an increase in the price of almost all products in a given economy. In most cases, inflation happens in combination with a rise in consumer income. In certain situations, though, the former outperforms the latter.

A commodities market flourishes in the face of such inflation because as raw material prices rise, more investors flock to them. As a result, the cost of manufactured items rises, resulting in reduced consumption. It snowballs into bad performance across many industries, leading to a negative trend in the stock market.

Before opting to invest in either, it's critical to understand the differences between the stock and commodities markets. It's also important to examine the alternatives available in these marketplaces in order to make an informed selection. By determining one's investment priorities, the argument between commodities and equities may be resolved.

If you're searching for a non-ownership, short-term investment that takes advantage of a turbulent market, commodities are the way to go. The stock market, on the other hand, may be the best option for long-term, ownership-based investments that take time and patience.

First Published: 28 Apr 2022, 03:56 PM IST