India's gold imports in May jumped 677% from a year ago to the highest level in a year as a correction in prices just before a key festival and wedding season boosted retail jewellery purchases, according to a Reuters report citing government sources.
Higher imports by the world's second-biggest bullion consumer could support benchmark gold prices, but the surge could increase India's trade deficit and put pressure on the ailing rupee.
India is the world's second-biggest gold consumer after China. The imports are largely driven by the jewellery industry.
The source said on Monday that India imported 101 tonnes of gold in May, compared to 13 tonnes a year earlier, on condition of anonymity as he is not authorised to speak to the media.
In value terms, May imports surged to $5.83 billion from $678 million a year ago, he said.
"Retail consumes were waiting for a price correction." As prices corrected during the Akshaya Tritiya festival, people rushed to jewellery shops, "said Harshad Ajmera, the proprietor of JJ Gold House, a wholesaler in the eastern Indian city of Kolkata.
Buying gold is considered auspicious during the annual Hindu and Jain festivals, celebrated in the first week of May.
However, local gold futures fell to 49,572 rupees per 10 grams in May, the lowest in nearly three months.
Demand for gold also improved last month because of wedding season as lots of weddings were postponed to 2022 from last year because of restrictions imposed to curb the spread of COVID-19 infections, said a Mumbai-based dealer with a private bullion importing bank.
Gold is an essential part of the bride's dowry in India and is also a popular gift from family and guests at weddings.
A dealer told Reuters that the gold imports in June could fall further below 60 tonnes as the demand has started to falter due to the recent rebound in price.